云南主要森林植被碳储量及固碳潜力模拟研究

周瑞伍 彭明春 张一平

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云南主要森林植被碳储量及固碳潜力模拟研究

    作者简介: 周瑞伍(1989-),男,贵州人,博士生,主要从事陆地生态系统对全球气候变化的响应研究.E-mail:zhouruiwu@xtbg.ac.cn.;
    通讯作者: 张一平, yipingzh@xtbg.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金(U1202234)

    国家自然科学基金重大项目(31290221)

    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05050601

    XDA05050206)

    中国科学院一三五专项(方向一:XTBG-F01).

  • 中图分类号: S718.512.1

The simulation research of carbon storage and sequestration potential of main forest vegetation in Yunnan Province

    Corresponding author: ZHANG Yi-ping, yipingzh@xtbg.ac.cn
  • CLC number: S718.512.1

  • 摘要: 使用日本对地观测卫星(advanced land observing satellite,ALOS) 20082011年的影像数据,解译云南现状植被分布.使用分类回归树模型(classification and regression trees,CART)预测云南主要森林植被的潜在分布区,估算云南森林植被的碳储量和固碳潜力.结果显示:云南省林地总面积是2.0107hm2,森林覆盖率为52.49%,主要森林植被碳储量为871.14Tg;不同森林植被碳储量及固碳潜力不同,碳储量较高的是季风常绿阔叶林、暖温性针叶林和暖热性针叶林,分别为205.42、172.72Tg和137.78Tg,而固碳潜力较大的是暖热性针叶林、暖温性针叶林和温凉性针叶林,分别为788.53、119.00Tg和156.78Tg,分别是现实碳储量的5.7倍、2.1倍和0.91倍;云南主要森林植被总固碳潜力为1 321.52Tg,约为现实碳储量的1.52倍.总体上,云南省针叶林的固碳潜力远大于阔叶林,适当的人为干扰可提高暖热性针叶林的固碳潜力,暖热性针叶林具有较强的清洁发展机制(clean development mechanism,CDM)潜力,云南省主要森林植被在整体上是一个碳汇.
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-12-12
  • 刊出日期:  2017-11-10

云南主要森林植被碳储量及固碳潜力模拟研究

    作者简介:周瑞伍(1989-),男,贵州人,博士生,主要从事陆地生态系统对全球气候变化的响应研究.E-mail:zhouruiwu@xtbg.ac.cn.
    通讯作者: 张一平, yipingzh@xtbg.ac.cn
  • 1. 中国科学院 热带森林生态学重点实验室,云南 勐仑 666303;
  • 2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049;
  • 3. 云南大学 生态学与地植物学研究所,云南 昆明 650223
基金项目:  国家自然科学基金(U1202234) 国家自然科学基金重大项目(31290221) 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05050601 XDA05050206) 中国科学院一三五专项(方向一:XTBG-F01).

摘要: 使用日本对地观测卫星(advanced land observing satellite,ALOS) 20082011年的影像数据,解译云南现状植被分布.使用分类回归树模型(classification and regression trees,CART)预测云南主要森林植被的潜在分布区,估算云南森林植被的碳储量和固碳潜力.结果显示:云南省林地总面积是2.0107hm2,森林覆盖率为52.49%,主要森林植被碳储量为871.14Tg;不同森林植被碳储量及固碳潜力不同,碳储量较高的是季风常绿阔叶林、暖温性针叶林和暖热性针叶林,分别为205.42、172.72Tg和137.78Tg,而固碳潜力较大的是暖热性针叶林、暖温性针叶林和温凉性针叶林,分别为788.53、119.00Tg和156.78Tg,分别是现实碳储量的5.7倍、2.1倍和0.91倍;云南主要森林植被总固碳潜力为1 321.52Tg,约为现实碳储量的1.52倍.总体上,云南省针叶林的固碳潜力远大于阔叶林,适当的人为干扰可提高暖热性针叶林的固碳潜力,暖热性针叶林具有较强的清洁发展机制(clean development mechanism,CDM)潜力,云南省主要森林植被在整体上是一个碳汇.

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