烟草花粉与雌蕊互作调控机制研究进展

牛永志 廖菊够 索文龙 陈志芸 潘自辉 魏雪梅 马文广 陈穗云

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烟草花粉与雌蕊互作调控机制研究进展

    作者简介: 牛永志(1980),男,河南人,硕士,主要从事烟草种子科学与技术研究.E-mail:niuyongzhi@qq.com.;
    通讯作者: 马文广, chensuiyun@ynu.edu.cn ; 陈穗云, chensuiyun@ynu.edu.cn
  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金(31560419)

    玉溪中烟种子有限责任公司自主立项科技项目(2017KY05)

    贵州省烟草公司项目(201607)

    云南省烟草公司项目(2018530000241034).

Research progress on the regulation mechanism of pollen-pistil interactions in Nicotiana

    Corresponding author: MA Wen-guang, chensuiyun@ynu.edu.cn ;CHEN Sui-yun, chensuiyun@ynu.edu.cn
  • 摘要: 授粉是植物生活史周期中的一个重要过程.茄科植物属于湿柱头,实心花柱.成功授粉起始于花粉粘附在成熟的柱头表面,接着水合、萌发,花粉管穿过柱头后沿着花柱传导组织细胞间隙朝着胚囊的方向生长,经过助细胞后释放精子完成双受精.在这个过程中,花粉外壁决定因子与花粉管生长通道中的各种成分相互作用,激活花粉管细胞内部的一系列生理生化反应.存在于烟草柱头、花柱传导组织细胞、子房和助细胞中的各种分泌物对于花粉细胞粘附、花粉管生长营养供给、信号传导、方向引导具有重要作用;另外,某些花粉决定因子与雌蕊成分的相互作用也可能导致自交不亲和与杂交不亲和.文章总结了烟草授粉后花粉与雌蕊相互作用涉及的物质及机理,这些物质主要包括蛋白质、多糖、脂类、激素、酶类和黄酮类等.
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  • 刊出日期:  2018-11-10

烟草花粉与雌蕊互作调控机制研究进展

    作者简介:牛永志(1980),男,河南人,硕士,主要从事烟草种子科学与技术研究.E-mail:niuyongzhi@qq.com.
    通讯作者: 马文广, chensuiyun@ynu.edu.cn
    通讯作者: 陈穗云, chensuiyun@ynu.edu.cn
  • 1. 玉溪中烟种子有限责任公司,云南 玉溪 653100;
  • 2. 云南大学 云南省高校植物病虫害生物防控工程研究中心,云南 昆明 650091;
  • 3. 云南省烟草农业科学研究院,云南 玉溪 653100
基金项目:  国家自然科学基金(31560419) 玉溪中烟种子有限责任公司自主立项科技项目(2017KY05) 贵州省烟草公司项目(201607) 云南省烟草公司项目(2018530000241034).

摘要: 授粉是植物生活史周期中的一个重要过程.茄科植物属于湿柱头,实心花柱.成功授粉起始于花粉粘附在成熟的柱头表面,接着水合、萌发,花粉管穿过柱头后沿着花柱传导组织细胞间隙朝着胚囊的方向生长,经过助细胞后释放精子完成双受精.在这个过程中,花粉外壁决定因子与花粉管生长通道中的各种成分相互作用,激活花粉管细胞内部的一系列生理生化反应.存在于烟草柱头、花柱传导组织细胞、子房和助细胞中的各种分泌物对于花粉细胞粘附、花粉管生长营养供给、信号传导、方向引导具有重要作用;另外,某些花粉决定因子与雌蕊成分的相互作用也可能导致自交不亲和与杂交不亲和.文章总结了烟草授粉后花粉与雌蕊相互作用涉及的物质及机理,这些物质主要包括蛋白质、多糖、脂类、激素、酶类和黄酮类等.

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